•  Traumatic Brain Injury

    What is a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)? TBI refers to an injury to the brain that is caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability and/or psychosocial impairment that affect a child’s or student’s educational performance.  This includes both open and closed head injuries resulting in immediate or delayed impairments in areas such as cognition, language, memory, attention, reasoning, abstract thinking, judgment, problem solving, sensory processing, perceptual and motor abilities, psychosocial behavior, physical functions, speech and information processing. Oregon Administrative Rules 581-15-00

    Causes of TBI’s can include; shaken baby syndrome, concussions, blunt force trauma to head, etc.    Brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative in nature, brain injuries induced by birth trauma, or related to disease or illness are not considered traumatic brain injuries.  They are acquired brain injuries, and may cause similar impairments. Examples include cerebral palsy, autism, meningitis, brain tumors, etc.

    Our team consists of professionals from different disciplines who have a passion to help districts understand the impact of TBI on students and to provide assistance in helping those students succeed in school.  Contact us if you have a student with TBI and need our assistance.  
     
    three students posing

    Consultation: Consultation on eligibility, and helping your team deal with the often-complex needs of a student with TBI. We can also assist your district to transition a student with a TBI from hospital back into the school system.

    Training: Training may include general information such as TBI 101 or can be specifically geared to the needs of your staff.

    Assistive Technology: Assistive Technology (AT) services can help students access their school environment and curriculum. In some cases, AT can be used to ameliorate the effects of TBI.

    Our AT services may include the following.

    • Collaboration with your district to assess your current technology and to determine if it could be used for your TBI students.
    • Determining with your team, which assistive technology devices might be useful to trial with a student.
    • Instructing teachers and student in use of AT. In some cases a school wide in-service can be useful, to make sure that the AT recommended for the student can be used across all relevant classes or locations.
    • In the near future we will have a loaning library of AT that can be used on a short-term basis. This will allow your district to trial devices and determine which would be useful before making a purchase.

     

    State Definition

    Traumatic brain injury" means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, including cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. The term does not include brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or brain injuries induced by birth trauma. Oregon Administrative Rules 581-15-005.

     

    Federal Definition

    The Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA) defines traumatic brain injury as: "…An acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma." From: 34 Code of Federal Regulations §300.7(12)

     

    Contact Information

    Eleni Boston
    Coordinator
    Phone: 503.385.4606
    Fax: 503.588.5681